Different types of LoRaWAN range tests

No matter if you are just curious or critical or want to experiment, at some point, almost everyone comes to an end where they want to sound out the limits and possibilities of LoRaWAN – convenient, far away from specifications and data sheets under the Lora gateway.

To ensure clarity in project communication, we used a model that distinguishes between three different types of tests:

  1. User-based range tests
  2. Coverage test
  3. Device-based connection test

Akenza

Data flows permit you to easily configure a complicated data processing channel, which is then applied to gadgets of your line. Akenza makes sure that the data is attentively processed and delivered or stored.

User-based range test

The user-based range test describes the basic test scenario to define a radio signal at a selected point under LoRaWAN. Procedure for setting up a user-based range test:

Gateways

Option A: An existing network is used for the test under the Lora gateway.

Devices

Option A: You already have a device for field tests and have registered it on the network.

Option B: You have built yourself a test device that can give you information about the reception quality under LoRaWAN

Recommendation: Activate the confirmed data-up option for the sensor under the Lora gateway. The network server then verifies incoming messages. It allows you to test the bidirectional communication of a LoRaWAN.

Test procedure: 

  • One or more users move with the test devices in the planned network area.
  • Every Lora device is configured to send data packets regularly in short intervals under the Lora gateway.
  • Users use devices with GPS but also devices without GPS under LoRaWAN.

Coverage test

The coverage test is intended to generate data with which you can create a coverage heatmap of the area of your wireless network under the Lora gateway. The data collection is mainly done in outdoor locations with a GPS-based LoRaWAN device.

Gateways:

Option A: An existing network is used for the test.

Devices

Option A: You already have a device for field tests and have registered it on the network under LoRaWAN.

Option B: You have built a test device to provide information about the reception quality under the Lora gateway.

Recommendations: Activate the option confirmed data up on the LNS. It enables the network server to confirm incoming messages. It allows you to test the bidirectional communication of a LoRaWAN.

Test procedure

  • Every Lora device is configured to send data packets regularly in short intervals.
  • Option A: Users use devices with GPS but also devices without GPS.
  • Option B: one or more devices are installed on a vehicle that moves along a predefined route under the Lora gateway.

Device-based connection test

Suppose you plan to install a device at a specific location. In that case, you are mainly interested in this area’s coverage or radio quality under all circumstances and with all kinds of influences under the Lora gateway.

Gateways

Option B: An existing network is used for the test.

Devices

Option A: Ready-to-use test device is registered in the network.

Option B: You have built a test device to give you information about the reception quality under LoRaWAN.

Recommendations: We recommend a device with a powerful battery for several days with a short transmission interval under the Lora gateway.

Test procedure

  • Every Lora device is configured to send data regularly at the shortest possible intervals under LoRaWAN.
  • The device is set up on a specific installation site and can transmit over a long period under the Lora gateway.

Lora is a low-powered long-range radio IoT technology.

The Lora gateway enables the simple, secure global creation of sensors and other Lora IoT devices for various applications. These deployed devices are called “nodes” in Lora’s language.

Because of its long-range and low-power capabilities, Lora is essential for collecting IoT applications that the technology makes possible thanks to the Lora gateway.

Lora is the best option for transferring a modest amount of IoT data over a long distance under LoRaWAN since it ensures long-range and low power.

Over 10 kilometers, Lora transmissions cannot be transmitted. That’s crazy!

Range in an unusual LoRaWAN network generally relies on several variables, including indoor/outdoor entries, the payload of the idea, the antenna being utilized, etc. Up to 2- to 3-km-wide coverage under the Lora gateway is possible in an urban setting with an outside entrance. At the same time, it can extend beyond 5 to 7 kilometers in rural areas.

Shelly Lindsey

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